In the chemical industry, valuable materials such as gasoline or liquefied gases are separated from or formed from crude oil during various processes. To transfer crude oil from supply sources to the unit, depending on the case and conditions, transmission lines or tankers are used. For many reasons, such as standardizing the quality of the product, measuring the volume of the product, the possibility of loading and transporting to the tanker, etc., the products are stored in appropriate tanks.

Types of Storage Tanks

There is generally no uniform classification for storage tanks. storage tanks can be classified from different perspectives such as geometric shape, fluid type or in terms of vapor pressure of the material stored in it. The types of storage tanks are as follows:

Storage tanks are made up of some common components and some unique components. Common components between all storage tanks include tank walls, inlets and outlets, leakage outlet ducts, overflow drain ducts, roof drain ducts, safety valves, instrumentation and control equipment, ground connection cables, thermal coils, heating ducts. Nitrogen, manhole valves, sampling and depth gauges, refrigeration and heat insulation, fire monitors, emergency evacuation ponds and others were mentioned.

Due to the fact that different materials have different chemical and physical properties, so their proper storage method is different from each other. To select the type of tank, parameters such as volatility or vapor pressure, toxicity and flammability of the material must be considered.

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